The Catholic University of America

Summary of Federal Laws


Equal Employment Opportunity

Civil Rights Act of 1866

Compliance Partners

Associate VP for Human Resources
EO Officer

42 U.S.C. § 1981

A post-Civil War statute, this law guarantees the right to make and enforce contracts regardless of one's race. Courts have read this statute to prohibit employment discrimination based upon race.

All ethinc groups are protected by 1981. Retaliations claims are available under 1981. CBOCS West Inc. v. Humphries, 553 U.S. 442 (2008). 

Independent contractors may sue for a violation of 1981. 

In  general, claims must be brought w/in four years of the violation. 







Brown, Paulette, The Civil Rights Act of 1964,  Washingon University Law Review 2014




updated 12-29-17 mlo