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International Refugee Assistance Project et al. v. Trump, No. 17-1351, (C.A. 4th Cir.), May 25, 2017, 2017 WL 2273306.  

In a 205 page opinion the 4th Circuit affirmed in substantial part the district court's issuance of a nationwide preliminary injunction barring enforcement of the revised travel ban issued by the President which would have limited travel from 6 predominantly Muslim countries.  The Court of Appeals found the order unconstitutional in a 10-3 opinion. 

The focus of the case was on section 2(C) of the challenged  Executive Order 13780, Temporary Suspension of Entry for Nationals of Countries of Particular Concern During Review Period, 82 Fed. Reg. 13209, March 6, 2017. ) 

The suit sought relief claiming violation of the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment, the equal protection component of the Fifth Amendment, the Immigration and Nationality Act, the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, the Refugee Act, and the Administrative Procedure Act. The relief granted was based upon the Establishment Clause claim.  The Court of Appeals found that plaintiffs had plausibly alleged that the second Executive Order's stated national security interest was provided in bad faith, as a pretext for its religious purpose. 

The decision opened with this paragraph: 

The question for this Court, distilled to its essential form, is whether the
Constitution, as the Supreme Court declared in Ex parte Milligan, 71 U.S. (4 Wall.) 2, 120 (1866), remains “a law for rulers and people, equally in war and in peace.” And if so, whether it protects Plaintiffs’ right to challenge an Executive Order that in text speaks with vague words of national security, but in context drips with religious intolerance, animus, and discrimination. Surely the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment yet stands as an untiring sentinel for the protection of one of our most cherished founding principles—that government shall not establish any religious orthodoxy, or favor or disfavor one religion over another. Congress granted the President broad power to deny entry to aliens, but that power is not absolute. It cannot go unchecked when, as here, the President wields it through an executive edict that stands to cause irreparable harm to individuals across this nation. Therefore, for the reasons that follow, we affirm in substantial part the district court’s issuance of a nationwide preliminary injunction as to Section 2(c) of the challenged Executive Order.

The decision quoted from the President's Statement on Preventing Muslim Immigration, posted during Trump's campaign, along with many other anti-Muslim statements made by the candidate.

At page 70 the Court of Appeals noted: 

The Government has repeatedly asked this Court to ignore evidence, circumscribe our own review, and blindly defer to executive action, all in the name of the Constitution’s separation of powers. We decline to do so, not only because it is the particular province of the judicial branch to say what the law is, but also because we would do a disservice to our constitutional structure were we to let its mere invocation silence the call for meaningful judicial review. The deference we give the coordinate branches is surely powerful, but even it must yield in certain circumstances, lest we abdicate our own duties to uphold the Constitution.

The government filed a petition for review with the Supreme Court on June 1, 2017. The respondents were given until June 12, 2017 to file a response. 

See the New York Times Appeals Court Will Not Reinstate Trump's Revised Travel Ban, May 25, 2017.